Atmospheric carbon rapidly reacts with oxygen in air to form carbon dioxide and enters the carbon cycle. Radiocarbon dating was the first chronometric technique widely available to archaeologists and was especially useful because it allowed researchers to directly date the panoply of organic remains often found in archaeological sites including artifacts made from bone, shell, wood, and other carbon based materials.
In the late s, an American physical chemist named Willard Libby first developed a method to measure radioactivity of carbon , a radioactive isotope. However, there are a number of other factors that can affect the amount of carbon present in a sample and how that information is interpreted by archaeologists. Marketing, the sum of activities involved in directing the flow of goods and services from producers…. Carbon Uses in Everyday Life: Definition of Carbon Dating Carbon dating, or radiocarbon dating , is a method used to date materials that once exchanged carbon dioxide with the atmosphere.